History of Eiffel Tower at Paris, France

The Eiffel Tower (French: La Tour Eiffel) is located on the Champ de Mars in Paris. It was built with cast iron and tower construction was completed in 1889. The tower has become the most prominent symbol of both Paris and France and one of the most recognizable structures in the world. The tower stands 320 metres (1,050 ft) tall, about 81-storey building, for 41years (till 1930) it is tallest in world. The tower has stairs for three levels and has total of 9 lifts. The first and second levels have restaurants.

Construction

Before the start of construction there were many controversies and criticisms over the project, who claimed that the tower would be an eyesore and destroy the image of Paris. After facing controversies and criticisms engineer Gustave Eiffel finally convinced to buid tower with strings attached, he had to finance the construction cost. The agreement was Eiffel has to pay for the construction and he can take revenue from the tower and restaurant for the next 20 years, which was till 1908 when the structure was planned to be dismantled. Total construction cost was estimated at 7,800,000 Francs and French government gave him 1.5 million and Eiffel raised 6.5 million Francs.


In 1886 Gustave Eiffel got the project and started construction Work on the foundation in January 1887. Project took total of 2year 2months 5days with 300 man power working on construction site. Only one person died during construction because of Eiffel's stringent safety precautions and use of movable stagings, guard-rails, and screens. During construction the drawing office produced 1,700 general drawings and 3,629 detailed drawings of the 18,038 different parts needed, and those 18,038 pieces joined by two and a half million rivets. The project was completed and inaugurated on March 31, 1889.

Below short video was captured by Thomas Edison in 1900's. At that time he captured the entire Eiffel Tower by tilting camera (this tilting technique was used for the first time).


Features and Maintenance

Tower weighs 7300 tonnes, while the entire tower including non metal components weighs 10,000 tonnes approx. Depending on the ambient temperature, the top of the tower may shift away from the sun by up to 18 cm (7.1 in) because of thermal expansion of the metal on the side facing the sun. Tower is built with wind resistance and it sways only 2"~3" in wind. Maintenance of the tower includes painting 50 to 60 tonnes of paint every seven years to protect it from rust.


When built, the first level contained two restaurants and a 250 seat theatre. promenade ran around the outside. On the second level, the French newspaper Le Figaro had an office and a printing press, where a special souvenir edition, Le Figaro de la Tour, was produced. On the third level were laboratories for various experiments and a small apartment reserved for Gustave Eiffel to entertain guests. This is now open to the public, complete with period decorations and lifelike models of Gustave and some guests.

Eiffel Tower Construction & Historical Pictures

Here are some pictures of the construction of Eiffel Tower.























Wall paper 1024x768


Source: Wikipedia

Note: The copyright on these pictures have expired and they are public.